Writing and naming chemical compounds

Write the formula for carbon IV chloride. The Roman numeral is IV. Even though it is a group of atoms it acts like it were a single atom. The advantage to using the new system is that you have one less system to learn. Include a Roman numeral to indicate the oxidation number charge on the metal cation.

So these are the halides. Name the compound NO2. They have seven electrons in their outermost shell. Let me write that down. There is no prefix before carbon in the chemical name, therefore, there is only 1 C atom in the chemical formula.

Now you might be saying, "Well, I just," Let me rewrite the whole thing. Things that would really love to grab an electron.

Naming ions and ionic compounds

Rules for naming Type III binary compounds: Add the ide ending to get oxide. Since there is only one nitrogen atom AND it is the first element the prefix mono is not used.

Write the name for the compound by combining the names of the ions. Write the formula for carbon tetrachloride.

So things in group, in the halides, which is this column right over here. A polyatomic ion is a group of atoms with an electric charge.

You have a positively charged potassium and you have a negatively charged chlorine, which we would call a chloride. Now things in group one here, one way to think about is their outermost shell has one electron in it.

Thus there are 2 N atoms in the chemical formula. Thus, there are 4 Cl atoms in the chemical formula. Write the formula for nitrogen V oxide. When chlorine grabs an electron, it will be a negatively charged ion, so you could write it as Chlorine one minus, but the way that we generally refer to an anion, a negatively charged ion, instead of just calling this the chlorine anion, we would call this chloride.

Therefore, we need 2 N atoms and 5 O atoms to balance the charges. Chloride is derived from chlorine, whose symbol is Cl.

The charge on oxygen is Since there are two nitrogen atoms we need to add the prefix di to get dinitrogen. You could refer to it various ways, but this is potassium chloride.Naming Compounds – Part 2 – YouTube: This video explains how to use a chemical name to write the formula for that compound.

Naming Acids and Bases Acid names are based on the anion they form when dissolved in water; base names follow the rules for ionic, organic, or molecular compounds.

Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds it is helpful to know how to name an ionic compound based on its chemical formula. Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary.

Chemical Formula Writing The procedure that can be followed when confronted with the name of a compound and you wish to write its formula is as follows: Identify the symbol of the cation (first part of the name) and the anion.

Sep 08,  · To name chemical compounds, first determine whether the compound is ionic, polyatomic, or covalent. If it is ionic, list the metal element first and then add the nonmetal element with the suffix “-ide.”89%(58).

While there are many thousands of different chemical compounds there is a very definite system of nomenclature whereby we can name or write chemical formulas for most compounds. Formulas and Nomenclature of Ionic and Covalent Compounds.

Adapted from McMurry/Fay, sectionp. Writing Formulas of Ionic Compounds Nomenclature of Ionic and Covalent Compounds Metals combine with polyatomic ions to give ionic compounds. Name the cation first (specifying the charge, if necessary).

Chemical Compounds Practice Quiz Download
Writing and naming chemical compounds
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