The Messenians were upset over their loss of independence and revolted, almost wiping out Sparta altogether, but they failed to free themselves of Spartan rule.
It was a primitive polis, or city-state. Its early history was heavily dominated with invasion of neighboring poleis in search of land and resources to support its dramatically increasing population. They were called helots, members of the slave class in Sparta that grew produce for the master of the estate a Spartan and kept the rest of the crops for himself and his family.
At the end of the Messenian revolt, the Spartans were outnumbered 10 to 1 but were still in a position of authority, and were left with the problem of how to control a population that greatly outnumbered them. Sparta was the largest military power of all the ancient Greek city-states.
Spartan society itself changed after its transition tot a military state. The amount of food that they had to pay tribute to the landowner always put the helots on borderline subsistence.
This led to an unhealthy cycle of the wealthy Athenians controlling the government and the poor ones selling themselves and their families into slavery. Their differences were the effect of geographical isolation but they began with the same base of ideas on which to build.
This had been performed before in Greece, but the state institutionalized it and made it a common practice. After his son lost power, Cleisthenes began a series of major reforms that would produce Athenian democracy.
It has the longest history of any city in Europe; it has been inhabited continuously for over years. Ancient Athens was a powerful city-state, the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium B. Ultimately the Peloponnesian War was over the ideological and cultural rivalry between Athens and Sparta.
Athens had something the other poleis did not, which was its harbor, allowing it to trade with the other city-states located on the water and other nations in the Aegean Sea easily. This was stopped by the tyrant Solon whose reforms led to a government based on 4 tiers of social classes with hints of democracy.
They are sharply contrasting yet strikingly similar, setting the stage for the Peloponnesian War. They were the biggest of rivals, two towering cities at their peak, the most influential cultural, military, and trade powers of western civilization in the first millennium B.
A soldier would live in his barracks with fellow soldiers, eat with his fellow. The final part of democracy was ostracism, which disabled would-be tyrants from seizing power by exiling them before they gained to much power. Culture, politics, and the economy were all stagnant. The center of Spartan life was the military and the polis.
At the age of seven the Spartan male was sent to military and athletic school. This was a miserable life, work was long and the amount of food inadequate. The result of this was to force the Messenians into slavery.
The rise of another tyrant, Peisistratus, led to more reform that was focused on cultural improvements. It invaded a fertile plain in a nearby mountain valley, the city-state of Messenia, whose valley could easily produce the resources needed to fuel both of the poleis.
The Areopagus got their power from the lucrative cash crops of wine and oil which required money to get started too. Originally ruled by a king, it was like many of the other city-states surrounding it, but the power of the king receded to that of a council below him, composed of nobles, called the Areopagus.
There they were taught survival skills, endurance of pain, discipline, and toughness.Read Athens and Sparta Comparison free essay and over 88, other research documents. Athens and Sparta Comparison. Athens and Sparta Comparison.
Athens and Sparta Their differences were the effect of geographical isolation but they began with the same base of ideas on which to build. The Peloponnesian War was between the two over /5(1). Free Essay: The Differences Between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta, two of the most influential powers in ancient Europe, were quite different in many.
Athens and Sparta may be on the same country and even on the same continent, but many differences can be found between these two city-states. Athens vrs Sparta essaysAthens and Sparta were the two major city-states during the ancient Greece time period.
These two city-states were very different from each other in many ways. One reason for this was because the city-states were separated from each other by low rugged mountains.
This made tr. - Sparta & Athens Sparta and Athens so close yet so different. Since the beging of these two great city~states everyone has been fascinated by the similarities, but more by the differences.
This essay will tell more about the differences than the similarities. Sparta and Athens were both thriving City States in Greece. Although they both were located in the same country, they operated their societies in different ways with very few similarities.
The Main goal for the Spartans was to make an elite state of soldiers while the main goal for Athenians was to /5(11).Download